Project UCTC

AGRICULTURAL TRANSFORMATION PROJECT INVOLVING INDIGENOUS PEOPLE IN THE LOJING HIGHLAND,GUA MUSANG, KELANTAN

 

1.0 PURPOSE

This paper presented to get consideration and financial contribution from the funds of the University Community Transformation Center (UCTC) for carrying out the program “AGRICULTURAL TRANSFORMATION PROJECT INVOLVES Indigenous People in the LOJING Highland, KELANTAN” for the purpose of introducing modern farming methods with automation and value-added .

2.0 SYNOPSIS

The program is based on the sensitivity of the University/students towards the community of Indigenous People that has been marginalised due to the large-scale commercial agricultural development in the  Lojing Highlands that began over a decade ago. Indigenous People community based in the Lojing Highlands since hundreds of years. They live in a cluster, and provide for their living through hunting, planting in “slash & burn”, and collect forest produce. They don’t have formal education and are not familiar with structured and organized agricultural activities. As a result, when the Lojing Highlands opened for large-scale agriculture by mega operators from the nearby Cameron Highlands to bring labour from Bangladesh and Nepal. Indigenous People have become marginalized and left out of the current economic development.

 

On the awareness and value of brotherhood, UiTM and Alumni Faris Petra intend to carry out a collaborative project named ‘PROJECT AGRICULTURAL TRANSFORMATION INVOLVING Indigenous People in the LOJING Highlands, KELANTAN’. It is a charitable project which the UiTM will cover the cost of construction structure shading the rain and crop protection, Fertigation systems, and growing ginger, turmeric and other herbal rizoma plants with commercial value without land (using cocopeat), together with advisory services and expertise in the relevant field in order to facilitate the agricultural activities. This project will involve the workforce, supervision and care by members of the local Indigenous People community. While revenue from planting ginger be processed as drinks or health products aims to increase income and improve their standard of living.

 

In the long term the project will be implemented in three phases with a view to transforming communities involved become agricultural hub especially for transfer technology, empowering Indigenous People communities in sustainable agriculture in the form of :

Phase 1: Planting pilot project over 4000 square feet (2017 )

Phase 2: Pilot Processing health products (2017-2018 )

Phase 3: large scale Commercial Projects (2018-2020)

Due to financial constraint, this project can only be carried out in small scale with limited produce . Hence, to cover expenses in terms of wages, maintenance and agricultural tools in large scale, consideration and financial contribution from the the University Community Transformation Center (UCTC) fund is expected.

 

3.0 OBJECTIVES

 

  • COMMUNITY TRANSFORMATION:Introducing and transferring agricultural technology in modern and sustainable to the Indigenous People communities so that they are more viable, competitive with foreign works (Bangladesh and Nepal);
  • TRANSFORMATION HIGHLAND AGRICULTURE:Introducing one activity that can attract the attention of tourists to the Lojing Highland , thus slowly changingthe direction of agriculture Lodging from intensive agriculture and large-scale to sustainable agricultureand a “ecotourism/agrotourism”;

 

4.0 the IMPACT

4.1 The impact of the project on the community:

This aims to assist community welfare of indigenous people who has been marginalised as a result of the rapid development in large scale agriculture, which occurred in Lojing, Gua Musang, Kelantan.. The project is expected to give a large potential impact especially to the Indigenous People community with skills that are specific in modern agricultural techniques by using the method of “soilless agriculture and fertigation techniques” and thus be able to produce products based on value-added agriculture-industry. The method is indeed proven to  yield better quality crops, meet standards and meet the needs of the market.With the availability of financial aid and funds from  UCTC, the process of cultivation can be further improved by using more sophisticated equipment and always bear fruit in a much larger scale and more efficiently. This can be beneficial the community itself where more can be allocated to more entrepreneurs among the locals, which is a priority in this project. In the long term, this project will also pave the way for the community to explore the production of value-added products from agricultural produce. This will give more profits and earnings from what they get now.

4.2 Program priorities:

Increase income

Referring to financial estimates on page 5, with expected income of 25,000 per season, less operating costs amounting to 15,000, the residents collectively can collect the excess of RM 10,000per season. Irrespective of the infrastructure costs and the cost of management of the AFP, the project is seen to be viable in increasing more income for the locals. Hence, this project will help increase the income from RM1000 per month to RM1500 per month.Fertigation Technique is more profitable. The result is higher.Fertigation Method can also protect plants from infectious diseases. If equipped with the knowledge and skills of Fertigation techniques, the persons will have the higher value of “employability” .Cultivation of Bentong Ginger through Fertigation techniques proven to give twice as much revenue.

This Bentong Ginger is more expensive and valuable (RM 15-30 per kilo) in comparison with a ginger imported from China(RM 2-3 per kilo)

  1. Helps to reduce the cost of living

With the increasing income of the local people involved in this project ,the sale of this produce could help reduce the burden of high cost of living . This is because the increase in the cost of living affects higher prices of goods, services and daily requirements . Thus, as a result of the sales of ginger can increase their income and reduce the burden of the community.

  1. Increase productivity

This platform is reserved for residents involved in cultivating agricultural produce for commercialization. If there is a downstream industry , the Bentong ginger will give a very lucrative returns. Examples of products that can be produced are:

  • Drinks, Cordial, Concentrated, or Syrup from the Ginger
  • Young Ginger will be preserved into pickle or mixed vinegar
  • Candy ginger

Improved protection and security

With the increase of income, the community will feel more secure and safe and have the opportunity to save for future financial security. The use of agricultural equipment also convinces them that their plants survived from the onslaught of pests such as wild boar.

Added convenience

This project in the long term will give greater impact in terms of transportation and communication with the external community. Being an agricultural hub, it is hoped that roads and other infrastructure facilities will be improved in the future.

Fostering national pride

This herb cultivation project can be commercialized and marketed throughout the country and have the opportunity to be competitive with other products in the market.

Foster Environmental Sustainability

This project is environmental friendly. Fertigation techniques are safe because the land won’t be contaminated from these agricultural activities. Protect soil from pesticides and diseases. Pollution is at the minimum level and the destruction of existing forest is under control as it is implemented in a small area and does not require extensive forest clearing activities.

 

 

5.0 JUSTIFICATION

5.1        The project aims to help improve the lives of the villagers by opening new economic opportunities for them to produce products of ginger. Ginger was selected as the major crop for this project for several reasons. This is because, apart from having a good market, ginger is able to open opportunities for downstream industry and this crop is also easily grown in a very short period of time.

The price of Ginger Bentong on the market: RM 15.00-RM 20.00 per kilo

Prices at the farm: RM 8.00 – 10.00 per kilo

4000 sq ftacreage, expected3,000

Average harvest per season: 3,000 kg

One season (10 months), the estimated income: RM 30,000

Income of 3,000 per month:

 

5.2 The campus will have the resources and intellectual researcher who has been engaged in community work and carry out research in the field of entrepreneurship while agriculture and biotechnology experts from AFP will strive in helping ensure the success of this project and thus transforming a remote villages (Kg Orang Asli Lojing) into agricultural hub to meet local market thus increasing their income and well-being.

6.0 DURATION, PLACE and MILEAGE CHART

6.1 Term of Office: 10-12 months Phase 1 which is a pilot project of planting over 4000 square feet for a round of produce.

 

6.2 place: Lojing Highlands, Gua Musang, Kelantan

(The Community was selected because their condition that in need of help for socio-economic recovery in the long run)       

 

7.0 LIST of EXPERTS

Provide complete information on each expert proposed:

 

o Full name: PROF MADYA DR NORDIN ABU BAKAR

o Position: LECTURER

o Faculty: FSKM

o Areas of expertise: ICT/management

o Past Success: Involved with Post flood research (FRGS) in Kelantan.

 

o Full name: DR SALWANA HASSAN

o Position: LECTURER

o Faculty:BUSINESS MANAGEMENT

o Areas of expertise: FINANCIAL/business/ENTREPRENEURSHIP

o Past Success: completed several studies on micro-Financing, rural economy and entrepreneurship. Is conducting a Post Flood Research (FRGS).

8.0 TARGET GROUPS

8.1 Specify target groups from the community

The population of indigenous people in the small district Lojing, , Gua Musang, Kelantan, i.e. a total of 200-300 people

 

8.2 Provide justification community selection

 

This community was chosen is because they are still marginalised

and need help for socio-economic recovery in the

the length of the 

10.0 SUSTAINABILITY

              After the completion of this project, the agricultural activities could be continued by local residents to improve their quality of life and reduce their dependent to the  uncertain economic activities .

The project can proceed to the next phase in improving living standards of sitting and transforming villages involved become agricultural hub and be an example to other villages:

Phase 2: Pilot Processing health products (2017-2018 )

Phase 3: large scale Commercial Projects (2018-2020)

 

The project is also very suitable to be implemented in other communities anywhere in Malaysia which have agricultural land and its inhabitants depend on agricultural products

 

11.0 CONCLUSION

It is hoped that the project could have a positive impact on the income and the level of socio-economic population involved. This project could transform remote villages to become a farming . Collaborations between the University, industry or external experts, alumni and the community is expected to impact the synergies for the common good and improve the well-being of the people; thus, increase the level of economic development of the country.