Oration from The Pulpit

hamra2

(The content of this article has been delivered as Friday Khutbah on the 5th of February 2016 in  Jaist , Ishikawa, Japan. Alhamdulillah. It was extracted from  a khutbah in  Masjidil Haram on Friday 29th of January 2016. Some references have been added in case you wonder  the sources of this lesser known battle).

The Battle of Hamra’ul Asad

Dear Brothers in Islam,

Many of us know about the story of Uhud. About the defeat of the Moslem in the battle at Jabal Uhud. About the blood running down from the forehead of prophet Muhammad saw and his broken jaw.Definitely it has been repeated many times.About the group of sahabat on the hills that left their position and did not stick to the command of their leader in the battlefield. and about the noble companion of the prophet that have lost their lives in that battle died as noble martyrs led by Saidina hamzah bin Abdul mutalib radh.
Today let us run through the history again and reflect upon the great battle of Uhud and what happened afterwards. It has drawn a new chapter in the heroic life of our Propeht Muhammad saw and his great companions. The day when Allah swt mentions in the Quran about a group of people that will rise to the call of their God and the prophet regardless of the wounds and injuries that they suffer. (aliimran verse 172)
الَّذِينَ اسْتَجَابُواْ لِلَّهِ وَالرَّسُولِ مِن بَعْدِ مَآ أَصَـبَهُمُ الْقَرْحُ لِلَّذِينَ أَحْسَنُواْ مِنْهُمْ وَاتَّقَوْاْ أَجْرٌ عَظِيمٌ ﴾

(Those who answered (the Call of) Allah and the Messenger after being wounded; for those of them who did good deeds and feared Allah, there is a great reward.)

الَّذِينَ قَالَ لَهُمُ النَّاسُ إِنَّ النَّاسَ قَدْ جَمَعُواْ لَكُمْ فَاخْشَوْهُمْ فَزَادَهُمْ إِيمَـناً
(Those unto whom the people said, “Verily, the people have gathered against you, therefore, fear them.” But it (only) increased them in faith) ﴿3:173
وَقَالُواْ حَسْبُنَا اللَّهُ وَنِعْمَ الْوَكِيلُ
(and they said: “Allah is Sufficient for us, and He is the Best Disposer of affairs.”)

فَانْقَلَبُواْ بِنِعْمَةٍ مِّنَ اللَّهِ وَفَضْلٍ لَّمْ يَمْسَسْهُمْ سُوءٌ
(So they returned with grace and bounty from Allah. No harm touched them;)
﴿وَاتَّبَعُواْ رِضْوَنَ اللَّهِ وَاللَّهُ ذُو فَضْلٍ عَظِيمٍ﴾
(and they followed the pleasure of Allah. And Allah is the Owner of great bounty.)

Those who responded to the call of Allah and the Messenger, even after they had received the wound, for those of them who did good and feared Allah there is a great reward [172] — those to whom people said, ‘The people have gathered against you; so, fear them.” It increased them in Faith and they said, “Allah is all-sufficient for us, and the best one to trust in.” [173] So, they returned with bounty from Allah, and grace, with no evil having even touched them — and submitted to the pleasure of Allah. And Allah is the Lord of great bounty. [174]
That is the Battle of Hamra’ul Asad. It happened a day after the defeat in the battle of Uhud.
After the Uhud, with all the heartbreaking defeat and bleeding wounds, the battle where 70 great companions were shaheed. The mushrikin Mecca felt they should destroy the strength and completely exterminate the power of the muslimeen .So they marched back towards Medina to finish them off.Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that `Ikrimah said, “When the Mushrikeen returned towards Makkah﴾ after Uhud), they said, `You neither killed Muhammad nor collected female captives. Woe to you for what you did. Let us go back.’ When the Messenger of Allah heard this news, he mobilized the Muslim forces.
The Propeht saw then immediately after the Fajr prayers ordered Bilal radh to call upon the sahabat that went to the battle yesterday to get ready again and go after the Musyrikeen. The Prophet only allowed those who were present during Uhud to accompany him, except for Jabir bin `Abdullah Al-Ansari. The Muslims mobilized, even though they were still suffering from their injuries, in obedience to Allah and His Messenger .So you could only imagine how hard it is for the sahabat receive the call from Bilal radh. They were defeated only yesterday, they were tired and the blood from yesterday’s wounds is still fresh.and now they will go again to the battle field.
Allahu akbar….
The moment Bilal radh call the command from the Prophet saw, Saad bin Muaz immediately went to his people and tell them to wear the battle suit again. saad said “I witnessed the blood on their body still fresh..and many of Bani Ashal were injured” at the same time Usaid bin Hudhair who were suffering from 7 wounds rose to his feet and said ” I come to the call of ALlah and his Prophet” and he grabbed his weapons despite the injuries that he suffered.
Saad bin Ubadah also urged his people to return to the battlefield and they responded immediately.Also Abu Ubadah went to his tribe who are still nursing the wounds and told about the new call from the prophet and they immediately followed him despite the bleeding wounds they suffered.

The history also mentioned that 40 people from bani Salimah who were badly injured among them were Thufail bin Nu’man, Bakhrasy bin ash-shamah, Kaab bin Malik and Qutbah bin Amir; they all suffered from multiple injuiries but still rose to the call of the Propeht saw. They gathered in saf facing the Prophet saw at the place called Bir Abi Anabah in Tsaniyah ready for the battle. The moment Prophet Muhammad saw saw them with the blood running down the wounds, arrasul saw prayed ” O Allah bless Bani Salimah”
To deceive the enemy, while at Hamra’ul Asad he ordered five hundred camp fires, which could be seen from a great distance away, to be lit on the adjoining heights, to make it appear as if the prophet was chasing the Meccans and that his military force was very strong.[8] the prophet executed his battles so that there were as few Muslim casualties as possible, and used deception to his advantage.[6]

While at Hamra’ul Asad , the prophet (saw) made an agreement with Mabad al-Khuzaah at Tihamah, in which Mabad pledged not to conceal anything from him. Mabad was then sent to Mecca to spread false information.[8] In Mecca, Mabad met with Abu Sufyan and spread disinformation that the prophet (saw) had gathered a great force to fight Abu Sufyan. Abu Sufyan and his companions were planning a massive and decisive attack on Medina to finish off the Muslims once and for all. Hearing Mabad’s talk of the great military strength of the prophet (saw) , Abu Sufyan retreated from his plan of an immediate attack on the Muslims. In this fashion the prophet (saw) successfully managed to prevent the massive onslaught the Meccans were planning.[6][9] Muslimeen and al Madinah were safe and secured.

Lessons learnt
This event has been related in three verses (172-174) given above. It has been said in the first verse (172) that despite injuries and hardships from the Battle of Uhud, when Allah and His Messenger called them up for another battle, they were ready for that too. Worth noticing at this point is the fact that the Muslims being praised here had two distinguishing features. The first one appears in (even after they had received the wound) which means that those who responded to the call of Allah and His Messenger were people wounded at the Battle of Uhud. Seventy of their brave companions had met their martyrdom on the battlefield while they themselves were riddled with injuries all over their bodies, yet when they were called to serve again, they immediately agreed to join the battle.

The second distinctive feature has been mentioned in the words: (for them who did good and feared Allah) which established that these people were not simply some great achievers on the battlefield but they also have in them the highest virtues of Ihsan (righteous conduct) and Taqwa (fear of Allah). Thus, this very blessed combination of virtues is the cause of their great reward.
Hamra’ul Asad is a story about courage and tenacity;unshaken belief. The story about sacrifices and selflessness. It is about startegy and tawakkal. In hamra’ul Asad there were noble people who love Allah and rasul saw far more than their love for dunya.

References
1 Safiur-Rahman Mubarakpuri, The Sealed Nectar, p. 183
2 Ibn Hisham 2/60-129; Za’d Al-Ma’ad 2/91-108; Fath Al-Bari 7/345-377; Mukhtasar Seerat Ar-Rasool p.242-275
3 Al-Mubarakpuri, Saifur Rahman (2002), Sealed Nectar, Dar us Salam, p. 340
4 Abū Khalīl, Shawqī (2003), Hamra al assad, Dar us Salam, p. 273, ISBN 9960-897-54-0
5 Mubarakpuri, The Sealed Nectar, p. 181. (online)
6 Habriel, Richard A (2005), Muhammad,Islams first Great general, Blackwell, p. 124, ISBN 978-0-8061-3860-2
7 Abū Khalīl, Shawqī (2003), Hamra al assad, Dar us Salam, p. 272, ISBN 9960-897-54-0
8 Al-Mubarakpuri, Saifur Rahman (2002), Sealed Nectar, Dar us Salam, p. 341
9 Al-Mubarakpuri, Saifur Rahman (2002), Sealed Nectar, Dar us Salam, p. 342
10 Mubarakpuri, The Sealed Nectar, pp. 181-183. (online)
11 Sayed Khatab, Gary D. Bouma, Democracy In Islam, p. 184, Routledge, 2007, ISBN 1134093845
12 Tafsir ibn Kathir on Quran 3:172, Qtafsir. (archive)
13 Muhammad Saed Abdul-Rahman, Tafsir Ibn Kathir Juz’ 4 (Part 4): Al-I-Imran 93 to An-Nisaa 23 2nd Edition, p. 89, MSA Publication Limited, 2009, ISBN 186179682X

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s